Why Is It Called Wailing Wall – The First Temple, or the Temple of Solomon, was build in the tenth century BC and destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BC. The Second Temple, meanwhile, was rebuilt by Ezra and Nehemiah to return from exile in Babylon, and again destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD, after the Great Jewish Revolt. Thus, each temple remained standing for about 400 years.
According to legend, when the legions of Emperor Titus destroyed the temple, only part of the outer wall remained standing. Tito left this wall so that the Jews had the bitter memory that Rome had conquered Judea (hence the name wailing wall). The Jews, however, attributed it to a promise made by God, whereby always stay up at least part of the sacred temple as a symbol of their everlasting covenant with the Jewish people. Jews have prayed against this wall for the past two thousand years, believing that this is the most sacred of the Earth accessible because they cannot access the inside of the Temple Mount, which is the most sacred of all.
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The Wailing Wall is the only chink of the Holy Temple in Jerusalem, which was destroyed by Titus in 70 CE the Temple, center of the spiritual world was the main means of transmission of divinity to our world. The Temple Mount is also called Mount Moriah. Is the place where Abraham attempted to sacrifice his son Yitzchak, and Yaakov dreamed where the ladder to heaven. Our Sages prophesied that after the destruction of the Temple the Divine Presence never leave the Wailing Wall (Western). He is full of eternal holiness. For this reason it never is destroyed. The wall symbolizes the Jewish people, who also suffered several efforts to be destroyed, and the Wall, survived and remained despite his enemies, and continued strong. When God made his covenant with Abraham, he said this would be eternal, ensuring the eternal existence of the Jewish people.